Donate Now
Donate Now

e international telecommunications union

Community-created profile of International Telecommunication Union in Geneva including executive profiles, news and insights, videos and contact information. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. [33] There are currently 193 Member States of the ITU, including all UN member states except the Republic of Palau. [15] The sectors were created during the restructuring of ITU at its 1992 Plenipotentiary Conference.[16]. They are also used in order to ensure equitable distribution on the Council, with seats being apportioned among the regions. Adopting technical standards that foster global inter-connectivity and inter-operability with as low rates as possible, consistent with efficient service. [42] It is claimed the proposal would allow government restriction or blocking of information disseminated via the internet and create a global regime of monitoring internet communications, including the demand that those who send and receive information identify themselves. While non-voting, these members still have the opportunity to influence the decisions made by the Union.[17][36]. [43], Telecommunications ministers from 193 countries attended the conference in Dubai. Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Done at: Geneva. [58] Despite the significant number countries not signing, the ITU came out with a press release: "New global telecoms treaty agreed in Dubai". The sector members are divided as follow: List of members: [8][10][11][12], Another predecessor to the modern ITU, the International Radiotelegraph Union, was established in 1906 at the first International Radiotelegraph Convention in Berlin. [53], On 5 December 2012, the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution opposing UN governance of the Internet by a rare unanimous 397–0 vote. In force: 1994-07-01. The ITU membership currently includes191 member states that have the right to take part in all activities, 643 sector members that have the right to take part in all the activities of the sector(s) to which they belong, and 132 associates that have the right to take part in some activities of the sector(s) with whic… The Council is also responsible for ensuring the smooth day-to-day running of the Union, coordinating work programmes, approving budgets and controlling finances. It is the oldest global international organization. [39] The Summit was held as two conferences in 2003 and 2005 in Geneva and Tunis, respectively, with the aim of bridging the digital divide. As the Internet has grown, organizations such as ICANN have come into existence to manage key resources such as Internet addresses and Domain Names. Current ITU Council members were elected at the Plenipotentiary Conference in October 2010. Harmonise the actions of Member States and promote cooperation and partnership between Member States and sector members. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world. Promoting preferential and favourable lines of credit for the development of social projects aimed at extending telecommunication services to the most isolated areas. E-95-29, Philippine Long Distance Company v. USA Global Link. The same resolution had previously been passed unanimously by the upper chamber of the Congress in September.[54]. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. [23][24] It is composed of 48 members and works to ensure the smooth operation of the Union, as well as to consider broad telecommunication policy issues. … The Telecommunication Development Sector comprises the world and regional telecommunication development conferences, study groups, the Telecommunication Development Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Development Bureau. 16 Union Internationale des Télécommunications reviews. This meeting culminated in the International Telegraph Convention which was signed on 17 May 1865. ... As an intern you get international exposure and the opportunity to attend some fairly interesting conferences. World conferences on international telecommunications. [61], "ITU" redirects here. It would also allow governments to shut down the internet if there is the belief that it may interfere in the internal affairs of other states or that information of a sensitive nature might be shared. The publication contains the complete texts of the Radio Regulations adopted during World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (), held last year in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. What does ITU-R stand for? Originally founded in 1865, as the International Telegraph Union, the ITU is the oldest existing international organization. The ITU Telecom World was held from 24 to 27 October 2011 in Geneva; ITU World Radiocommunication Conference from 23 January to 17 February 2012 in Geneva; and World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-12) from 6 to 15 November 2012 in Geneva. Sector members are public and private companies and organisations with an interest in telecommunications that are entitled to participate, with specific rights and obligations, in the work of one or more ITU sectors. : +41-022/917 32 76, DC2-06102 United Nations PlazaNew York, N.Y. This included: the use of the Morse code as the international telegraph alphabet, the protection of the secrecy of correspondence, and the right of everybody to use the international telegraphy. [52] The resolution asserted that "the ITU [...] is not the appropriate body to assert regulatory authority over the internet". International Telecommunication Union (ITU) ITU is the UN specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). They are as follow:[37], The ITU operates six regional offices, as well as seven area offices. Date enacted: 1992-12-22. Originally founded in 1865, as the International Telegraph Union, the ITU is the oldest existing international organization. ITU-R abbreviation stands for International Telecommunication Union - Radio. https://www.itu.int/online/mm/scripts/gensel11, The ITU is divided into five administrative regions. The Telecommunication Standardization Sector comprises the world telecommunication standardisation assemblies, study groups, the Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau. [32] Palestine was admitted as a United Nations General Assembly observer in 2010. One hundred associates also take part in some ITU work under special arrangements with the sectors. The treaty is the founding document of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations. It has 193 countries as its members and also 800 private-sector entities and academic institutions. [27], On 23 October 2014, Houlin Zhao was elected as the 19th Secretary-General of the ITU at the Plenipotentiary Conference in Busan. WCIT-12 was a treaty-level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunications, including international tariffs. A permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors. The next elections will be held in 2014. the international mobile telecommunications Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. It is tasked with the International Telecom, Ltd., File No. Nineteenth Century European Integration. At the conference it was also decided that the Bureau of the International Telegraph Union would also act as the conference's central administrator. Google-affiliated researchers have suggested that the ITU should completely reform its processes to align itself with the openness and participation of other multistakeholder organizations concerned with the Internet. The Union was tasked with implementing basic principles for international telegraphy. It is also the most important agency for private sectors and governments all across the world in developing networks and services. Global coordination of radio frequency spectrum usage and orbital satellite positions, and the adoption of international regulations and treaties governing all uses of the frequency spectrum within which countries frame their national legislation. It was originally known as the International Telegraph Union and is one of the oldest international organizations. [22] In addition to the Constitution and Convention, the consolidated basic texts include the Optional Protocol on the settlement of disputes,[21]:I.B.1.8.a.1 the Decisions, Resolutions and Recommendations in force, as well as the General Rules of Conferences, Assemblies and Meetings of the Union. Promote the extension of the benefits of information and communication technologies to all the world's inhabitants. Policy advice and technical assistance to developing countries. While certain parts of civil society and industry were able to advise and observe, active participation was restricted to member states. [1] Established in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), it is one of the oldest international organizations in operation. Its members are as follow:[25], The mission of the Secretariat is to provide high-quality and efficient services to the membership of the Union. "[51], On 22 November 2012, the European Parliament passed a resolution urging member states to prevent ITU WCIT-12 activity that would "negatively impact the internet, its architecture, operations, content and security, business relations, internet governance and the free flow of information online". Sallye has extensive experience in international and US government relations for the telecommunications industry. [59] The Electronic Frontier Foundation expressed concern at this, calling for a more transparent multi-stakeholder process. Promote internationally a broader approach to telecommunications issues by cooperating with other inter-governmental organisations and those non-governmental organisations concerned with telecommunications. International Telecommunication Union regions with dividing lines.svg 940 × 477; 1.2 MB Play media ITU - AI for Good Webinar Series - COVID-19 Case Study Using ICT & AI in The Republic of Korea.webm 59 s, 1,920 × 1,080; 25.37 MB It is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks. Palais des Nations1211 Geneva 20SwitzerlandTelephone: ( +41 22) 730 5111Fax: ( +41 22) 733 7256Email: itumail@itu.int. Other Regional organizations, connected to ITU, are: The ITU was one of the UN agencies responsible for convening the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), along with UNESCO, UNCTAD and UNDP. Its headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. E-95-33. "The ITU has the widest decisionmaking scope among international ICT organizations, in terms both of issues addressed and types of decisions made. [13][26], The Secretariat is headed by a Secretary-General who is responsible for the overall management of the Union, and acts as its legal representative. International Telecommunication Union | 26,420 followers on LinkedIn | Connecting the world, together. WCIT-12 was a treaty-level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunications, including international tariffs. I have no qualms with the bottom lines reached in these two orders. [8], By 1865 it was agreed that a comprehensive agreement was needed in order to create a framework that would standardize telegraphy equipment, set uniform operating instructions, and lay down common international tariff and accounting rules. On 15 November 1947, the ITU entered into an agreement with the newly created United Nations to become a specialized agency within the UN system, which formally entered into force on 1 January 1949.[3]. Promote the use of telecommunication services with the aim of facilitating peaceful relations. Faculty and staff may also receive assistance by contacting the Telecommunications Help Desk in the following ways: About International Telecommunication Union (ITU): It is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world. [7] The development of the telegraph in the early 19th century changed the way people communicated on the local and international levels. These regions allow for ease of administration for the Union. [55][56][57] The disagreement appeared to be over some language in the revised ITRs referring to ITU roles in addressing unsolicited bulk communications, network security, and a resolution on Internet governance that called for government participation in Internet topics at various ITU forums. Between 1 March and 17 May 1865, the French Government hosted delegations from 20 European states at the first International Telegraph Conference in Paris. [40] The previous conference to update the Regulations (ITRs) was held in Melbourne in 1988. A free inside look at company reviews and salaries posted anonymously by employees. Promote and offer technical assistance to developing countries in telecommunications. The ITU coordinates the shared global use of … Known until 1993 as the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is responsible for a number of important international … Plenipotentiary Conferences are composed of delegations from the Union's Member States. The International Telegraph (later Telecommunication) Convention, today the Constitution and Convention of ITU, is the basic treaty that establishes the legal basis for the Union … [citation needed], The Plenipotentiary Conference is the supreme organ of the ITU. [9][12][13], The ITU comprises three Sectors, each managing a different aspect of the matters handled by the Union, as well as ITU Telecom. Dan Mahar, Assistant Director of Telecommunications & Networking t: (518) 388-8050 f: (518) 388-6464 e: mahard@union.edu. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has published the 2020 ITU Radio Regulations — the international treaty governing the global use of RF spectrum and satellite orbits. Inc., File No. : +1-212/963 81 38, Inter-Agency Security Management Network (IASMN), Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, Additional financing for the most vulnerable, Humanitarian, security and social stability, Analysis and Review of HR Policies and Practices, Harmonizing Banking Services Across the UN System, UN Semantic Interoperability Framework (UNSIF), Agency Revenue by Government Donor (Assessed Contributions), Agency Revenue by Government Donor (Voluntary Contributions, Non-specified), Agency Revenue by Government Donor (Voluntary Contributions, Specified), Global and inter-regional expenditure by agency, Budgetary & Financial Situation of UN System Organizations, Human Resources by Country & Duty Station, Human Resources by Organization & Duty Station, Human Resources by Age Bracket (Professional), UN System Framework for Action on Equality, How the UN System Supports Ambitious Action on Climate Change, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Global Financial Crisis and its Impact on the Work of the UN System, Employment, production and aggregate demand, Social services, empowerment and protection of people, Humanitarian security and social stability, International cooperation for development, Climate knowledge: science, assessment, monitoring and early warning, Financing mitigation and adaptation action, Reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), Supporting global, regional and national action, The Millennium Declaration is changing the way the UN system works, Working together for poverty eradication and sustainable development, Working together to promote human rights, democracy and good governance, Working together to prevent and manage armed conflicts, Machinery of Administrative Co-ordination, International Civil Service Advisory Board, Travel and Subsistence, Transfer of Duty Station, Removal and Installation, Benefits Payable on Separation from Service, Compensation For Service-Incurred Death, Injury Or Illness, Duties, Obligations and Privileges of Staff Members, Matters Relating Specifically to Technical Assistance Programmes, Conditions of Service of Short-Term Conference Staff, United Nations Research and Training Institutes, Economic & Social Affairs / Development / Migration, Humanitarian Affairs / Disaster Risk Reduction, Sustainable Development / Climate Change / Environment, GA Draft Agreement A/370 Add.1 - 11 October 1947, ECOSOC Resolution, Draft Agreement 403 (XIII) - 22 August 1951, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), International Maritime Organization (IMO), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Organization for Migration (IOM), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Fostering inter-agency collaboration in knowledge management and knowledge sharing, ACC joint statement on reform processes in United Nations System (11 November 1996), ACC statement of commitment for action to eradicate poverty (22 June 1998), ACC statement on its decision on United Nations Staff Security and Safety (ACC/1999/20), ACC statement on the status of women in the secretariats of the United Nations system (13 April 1995), Accrual Accounting in Swedish Central Government, Annual Overview Report (July 1999, Geneva), Annual Overview Report (July 2000, New York), Annual Overview Report (July 2001, Geneva), Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB), High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP), High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM), Information and Communication Technology Network (ICTN), HLCP: Key Initiatives spearheaded by HLCP 2006 - present, HLCP: Input to the UNESCO Ad Hoc Expert Group on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, CEB: System-wide Road Map for Innovating United Nations Data and Statistics, HLCP: COVID-19, Inequalities and Building Back Better, HLCM: Report of 39th Session (March 2020, Virtual Consultation). | ITU is the United Nations agency for information and communication technologies, driving innovation in ICTs together with 193 Member States as well as some 900 companies, universities, and international + regional organizations. The ITU is an inter-governmental organization that brings together governments and industry to coordinate the establishment and operation of global telecommunication networks and services. The Radiocommunication Sector comprises the world and regional radio communication conferences, radio communication assemblies, study groups, the Radio Regulations Board, the Radiocommunication Advisory Group and the Radiocommunication Bureau. [9][13], Between 3 September and 10 December 1932, a joint conference of the International Telegraph Union and the International Radiotelegraph Union convened in order to merge the two organizations into a single entity, the International Telecommunication Union. The head of the U.S. delegation, Terry Kramer, said "We cannot support a treaty that is not supportive of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance". [45], Current proposals look to take into account the prevalence of data communications. The United States of America Since 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has been at the centre of advances in communications – from telegraphy through to the modern world of satellites, mobile phones and the Internet. Developing infrastructure for information and communication technologies (ICTs) to connect under-served and remote communities. For other uses, see, World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12), Changes to international telecommunication regulations, Proposed changes to the treaty and concerns, United Nations Economic and Social Council, information and communication technologies, Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly, ITU-WHO Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health, Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, Member states of the International Telecommunication Union, https://www.itu.int/online/mm/scripts/gensel11, European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations, Inter-American Telecommunication Commission, ITU Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D), ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T), Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre, "The oldest organization of the UN system, the International Telecommunication Union celebrates 150th anniversary | MPO", "Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine - Introduction", "The Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, 1815-1914. His four-year mandate started on 1 January 2015, and he was formally inaugurated on 15 January 2015. The conference was attended by representatives of 29 nations and culminated in the International Radiotelegraph Convention. The Conference determines the policies, direction and activities of the Union, as well as elects the members of other ITU organs. 10017USATel. It comprises up to 25 percent of Member States, elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference with due regard to the equitable distribution of Council seats among the five world regions (Americas, nine seats; Western Europe, eight seats; Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, five seats; Africa, 13 seats; Asia and Australasia, 13 seats). ITU called for a public consultation on a draft document ahead of the conference. Apply to Public Health Nurse, Policy Analyst, Senior Network Administrator and more! [46] The move by the ITU and some countries has alarmed many within the United States and within the Internet community. It meets every year. The International Telecommunication Union or the ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations made for information and communication technologies. In December 2012, the ITU facilitated The World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12) in Dubai. ", "International Telegraph Conference (Paris, 1865)", "50th anniversary of World Telecommunication & Information Society Day, 17 May 2019", "International Telegraph Conference (Madrid, 1932)", "Sector Members, Associates and Academia", "Collection of the Basic Texts of the International Telecommunication Union adopted by the Plenipotentiary Conference", "PP-18, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 2018", "Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union", "ITU Management team inauguration on 15 January 2015", "ITU Member States Re-Elects Houlin Zhao as Secretary-General", "International Telecommunication Union Member States", New Country, New Number – Country code 211 officially assigned to South Sudan, "ITU-T : International Numbering Resources : National Numbering Plans : China, Taiwan", "ITU Member States by Administrative Region", "World Summit on the Information Society", "World Conference on International iTelecommunications 2012", "International Telecommunication Regulations", "ITU opens public consultation on internet regulation treaty", "United Nations wants control of web kill switch", International Telecommunication Regulations, "Robert McDowell:The U.N. Founded in 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has been an integral part of the United Nations since its inception in 1947. [49][50], The WCIT-12 activity has been attacked by Google, which has characterized it as a threat to the "...free and open internet. International Telecommunication Union (ITU), specialized agency of the United Nations that was created to encourage international cooperation in all forms of telecommunication. [60] Some leaked contributions can be found on the wcitleaks.org web site. [31] The most recent member state to join the ITU is South Sudan, which became a member on 14 July 2011. Promoting ICTs as an aid to combat climate change, Strengthening emergency telecommunications. [43], The current regulatory structure was based on voice telecommunications, when the Internet was still in its infancy. The current Council comprises 48 Member States and meets annually. The ITU has three main sectors, encompassing its main conferences: The ITU's General Secretariat is headed by the organisation's Secretary-General, assisted by a deputy secretary-general and three elected directors. [18] The founding document of the ITU was the 1865 International Telegraph Convention,[19][20][21]:I.B.1.8 which has since been replaced several times (though the text is generally the same)[21]:I.B.1.8 and is now entitled the "Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union". It was preceded by the now defunct International Telegraph Union which drafted the earliest international standards and regulations governing international telegraph networks. The basic texts of the ITU[17] are adopted by the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference. Threat to Internet Freedom", "Crovitz: The U.N.'s Internet Power Grab", "CNET:U.N. could tax U.S.-based Web sites, leaked docs show", "European Parliament warns against UN internet control", "European Parliament resolution on the forthcoming World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12) of the International Telecommunication Union, and the possible expansion of the scope of international telecommunication regulations", "House approves resolution to keep Internet control out of UN hands", "EFF Joins Coalition Denouncing Secretive WCIT Planning Process", "The ITU Treaty Negotiations: A Call for Openness and Participation", Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Telecommunication_Union&oldid=991027637, United Nations organizations based in Geneva, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Region A - The Americas (35 Member States), Region B - Western Europe (33 Member States), Region C - Eastern Europe and Northern Asia (21 Member States), Region E - Asia and Australasia (50 Member States), Regional Office for Africa, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Americas, headquartered in, Regional Office for Arab States, headquarters in, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Commonwealth of Independent States, headquartered in, Regional Office for Europe, headquartered in, Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications (RCC—representing, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:52.

Nephrology Nurse Job Description, São Paulo In January, Ubuntu Without Gui, Does Vinegar Kill Mold, How To Make Your Turtle Beaches Louder, System Block Diagram Maker, Law Of Demand Pdf, Cashew Sour Cream Vitamix, Lone Tree Golf Course, L'oreal Sleek It Walmart, Moist Banana Cake Recipe Pinoy, Buying A Second Hand Digital Piano,

Related Posts